The Meaning of a word and the text of Novgorod birch bark document 199


The Novgorod birch bark document ¹ 199 is among the most famous ones. Its author, a boy called Onfim, sends his greetings to someone called Danila. Next to the text, the boy drew a picture depicting a beast and accompanied it with an inscription. The article suggests a new reading of this inscription that offers the possibility to see the image and all the texts in this document as an integrated semantic unit.

Albena Stamenova (Sofia, Bulgaria)