Some Thoughts on Old Church Slavonic Nominations through Substantivized Participles


Traditionally, participial forms that occupy the syntactic positions usually occupied by nouns are considered substantivized participles. In the article, the author attempts to show that Old Church Slavonic substantivized participles can in some cases nominate a linguistic concept of an object and in other cases nominate a linguistic concept of an action. A large number of substantivized participles in Old Church Slavonic texts follow their use in Greek original texts, but the method of nominating objects according to their peculiar and permanent features dates back to early Proto-Slavic antiquity and is retained in the Old Church Slavonic language. The nominations of objects (in a broad sense, including persons) through  Old Church Slavonic substantivized participles according to their permanent actions, permanent conditions, and properties, find their support in this nomination mechanism. Such names nominate the linguistic concept of an object and should be recorded by dictionaries in independent entries. In other cases, substantivized participles nominate a one-time action performed by an object (person) or an object (person) being in non-permanent conditions. Such substantivized participles nominate the linguistic concept of action and do not represent independent lexical units, although they can be taken into account in dictionary entries for the corresponding original verbs. Besides, there are multi-word nominations with substantivized participles, which we must consider as nominations-descriptions since they nominate not one linguistic concept but more than one concept. Substantivized participles in them are semantically self-sufficient, whereas dependent words are not informatively complementary but nominate their own linguistic concepts.

Valeriya S. Efimova (Moscow, Russia)

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